Writing techniques (IV)

Hola de nuevo, animados compañeros que os enfrentáis al CAE. No quiero demorarme mucho en daros más material útil, que sé que el examen está al caer.

Ya hemos visto en la primera entrada de esta sección cómo ponderar las cosas, evaluando ventajas e inconvenientes, así como diferentes formas de mostrar acuerdo parcial o total (hoy veremos cómo expresar correctamente desacuerdo). En la segunda entrega enseñamos cómo mostrar intención o propósito y diferentes formas de indicar causas, detonantes, etc. Por último, en la entrada anterior cómo mostrar certeza, diferentes formas de comparar y contrastar (esto les encanta), como introducir un tema y por último, alguna expresión elegante para concluir.

Hoy va ración doble y con ejemplos realmente buenos que van a “booster” your writing. Are you ready? Pues a tomar nota y a currar, que sólo leyendo el blog no vas a aprobar (ojo, que si por lo que fuese sí que te vale sólo con leer, avísame que lanzo echando leches “El inglés con 20 posts” a lo Vaughan y a conquistar).

Acuérdate de hacerte seguidor del blog, dejar tus comentarios, compartir…cualquier cosa de esas que no te cuestan nada y ayuda a que sigamos motivados. Thanks in advance😉

Disagreeing

● disagree /not agree

Scientists disagree about what causes the anomalies.

Scientists do not agree as to the source of the anomalies.

I strongly disagree with his views on immigration.

● take issue with

I feel that I must take issue with her argument that television violence leads to higher crime rates.

● controversial

The cultivation of genetically modified crops is a highly controversial issue.

Effects

● effect(s)  (of sth)  (on sth)

She was one of the first scientists to study the effects of radiation on the human body.

The kind of food we eat has a significant effect on our mental ability.

Recent developments in nanotechnology will have far-reaching effects on medicine and other fields.

● impact (of sth)  (on sth)

His work had an enormous impact on the study of genetics.

Population growth will have a profound impact on world demand for food.

● influence (of sth)  (on sth)

Marshall McCluhan examined the influence of the media on modern society.

Marshall McCluhan showed how the media have an enormous influence on modern society.

● repercussions

The recent scandal could have serious repercussions for her political career.

● implications

The results of the study will have important implications for educational policy.

 

Emphasising

● it should be noted that

It should be noted that the research in this area is still at an early stage.

● it is worth bearing in mind that / Please bear in mind that

It is worth bearing in mind that 90% of the scientists researching herbicides in the USA are employed by chemical companies.

● vital/essential

These insects play a vital part in the food chain.

It is essential that the work is carried out as soon as possible.

● especially/particularly

Unemployment figures have been rising, especially in the north.

Alcohol consumption has increased, particularly among young women.

● above all

Cycling is pollution-free, cheap, and above all, healthy.

● draw attention to

The study was one of the first to draw attention to the problems faced by the disabled.

Explaining

● This means that / which means that    (with reference to what has just been said)

Computer technology is constantly being improved. This means that anything you buy will be out of date within a few months.  (Two sentences separated by a full stop)

There is a shortage of doctors, which means that patients often have to wait a long time for treatment.  (One sentence, divided in half by a comma)

● in other words

We want to know if she has the right skills, experience and attitude – in other words, can she do the job?

● to put it simply

For all the skill of the artists of ancient Egypt, they were bound by rigid conventions in which foreshortening and perspective played no role. To put it simply, they did not depict the world as it is seen.

● the purpose of… is to outline

The purpose of the first chapter is to outline the basic principles which form the foundation of the English legal system.

A selection of important linking words & expressions

● apart from

Apart from one or two minor errors, this is an excellent essay.

It rained on the last day, but apart from that, we had wonderful weather.

● reason (for sth)

The German economy recovered from the recession more quickly than elsewhere in Europe. The reason for this was large-scale investment on the part of China.

There are good reasons for believing that the new material, graphene, will revolutionise the computer industry.

● due to / owing to  (+ noun phrase)

The number of songbirds has declined. This is partly due to modern farming methods.

 Owing to lack of public interest, the programme was abandoned.

● argument(s)

There are strong environmental arguments for reducing car use and promoting public transport.

● whereas / while

Most urban housing in Spain is in the form of large blocks of flats, whereas in Britain the norm is individual houses, usually with at least two floors.

Some people visit their doctor once every few weeks, while others may not visit theirs in years.

● otherwise

The committee needs to act quickly, otherwise there could be a serious problem.

The local people are glad the tourists are here. Otherwise, there would be no jobs.

● in case

Doctors have to take out insurance to protect themselves in case they are sued.

Make sure to take some proof of identity in case we get stopped at the border.

● on (the) one hand / on the other hand   (things to be balanced against each other)

On the one hand, celebrities owe their wealth and success to being in the public eye. On the other, everyone is entitled to their own private life.

● as a result

Strong winds had brought down trees and power lines, and as a result none of the local trains were running.

Some people suffer from stress at work and become ill as a result.

● as follows

The aims of this report are as follows: to set out the ideas behind the proposed new development, to summarise local opinion about it, and to suggest ways of reducing its impact on the environment.  

 

11 thoughts on “Writing techniques (IV)

  1. Álvaro, me presento al CAE mañana (en 7 horas para ser exactos) y acabo de encontrar este pezado de blog con todos sus posts. Menuda ma-ra-vi-lla, con todas las letras, enorme esfuerzo el tuyo. Huelga decir que lo voy a recomendar a cualquiera que vaya a hacer algún examen.

    Este post, como el resto, es oro puro, son simples tips que pueden hacer que tu writing luzca no solo mejor, sino más “real”.

    Te lo agradezco de corazón, así como tantas miles de personas que ya se han pasado por aquí.

    Many thanks,

    Alberto

    1. Hola Alberto,

      Muchísimas gracias por tu comentario, debería ser obligatorio recibir uno de estos al mes, responde perfectamente en esos momentos que me preguntan: ¿para qué tienes ese blog si no ganas nada? no todo es dinero😉

      Espero que te saliese de lujo el examen, si te apetece pásate por aquí a contarlo!!

      Saludos y gracias de nuevo!

  2. Yo tb lo acabo de encontrar y estoy encantada. El writing lo tengo atragantado más por falta de ideas q por falta de inglés…y eso es lo peor😉 Espero solucionarlo con todos estos “tips” tan maravillosos q has puesto. ENHORABUENA por esta currada q te has pegado y GRACIAS!!

  3. Dear Álvaro…soy muy muy fan de tu blog! Tengo el CAE en dos semanas y tu blog se está conviertiendo en un must junto con el mítico Advanced Grammar in use.. En serio, many thanks!!!🙂

    1. Thanks Andrea!

      Muchísima suerte en el examen!!

      Cuando lo apruebes deja aquí tu comentario porfi😉 me gusta conocer los casos de éxito (porque seguro que lo tienes)

      Tengo semi-preparados posts de speaking test, pero me he enfrascado en mil proyectos y me está costando rematarlos. A ver si te puedo dejar alguno antes de tu examen🙂

      1. Álvaro! Hice el CAE este sábado! Ays, me quedé corta de tiempo en el Writing y aunque terminé, me quedé a un parrafillo del mínimo de palabras en el segundo texto…ojalá me puntúen igualmente! Mil gracias por todo!🙂

  4. Acabo de dar con este blog, y quiero darte las gracias, de verdad. En unos meses quiero sacarme el C1 y el Writting era lo que más pereza me daba, y con estos consejillos (menuda currada) me acabo de meter un chute de motivación

    1. Gracias a ti Unai!

      No te culpo, el Writing cuando menos da pereza jejeje. Aunque te puedo asegurar que yo hasta lo disfrutaba, ya que tenía claros esos tips que os pongo y, a partir de esas pautas, era casi un fill in the gaps con cosas de tu cosecha propia.

      Mucha suerte y a darle duro, que una cosa es tener las herramientas y otra trabajar con ellas😉 Ánimo!!

  5. Mañana me presento al CAE, lo acabo de encontrar y hacerme mis esquemas. Es genial, lo que ningún libro tiene. Muchísimas gracias!
    Ya te contaré🙂

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